Design informatics

DESIGN INFORMATICS

RESEARCH PROJECTS

A short introduction:

 

The Design Informatics chair is led by Prof.dr.ir. Sevil Sariyildiz. It addresses the application of information, communication and knowledge technologies (ICKT) to the building design domain in the entire breadth, paying particular attention to the building technical domain. The activities of the chair bridge the fundamentally technical aspects of informatics and building science with the applied creative aspects of architectural and building design, and include both mono-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary research and education.

 

The mission of the chair is to educate architectural engineers to excel in the domain of informatics within the building practice and advance the building practice; to further develop the field of design informatics, leading to innovations in the areas of building design and materialization processes; and to lead nationally and internationally in the area of design informatics applied to architecture.

 

During the conceptual phase most important decisions are taken. Computational design tools, methods and techniques enable to INTEGRATE these aspects into the architectural design. After the concept form generation, performance of the concept is evaluated in terms of various measures aiming to achieve best performance of the concept design.

 

This approach gives both designers and builders a toolkit to construct a virtual building (or built environment till the components) to test key aspects of the building performance and optimize the design before any physical construction has to take place.

 

Main education and research topics of the Chair are:

 

  •     Computational intelligence in DESIGN and ARCHITECTURE
  •     DESIGN Configuration and PerFORMance assessment
  •     Digital DESIGN & Additive Manufacturing
  •     INTEGRAL-collaborative DESIGN

 

DOUBLE FACE  1

3TU

DOUBLE FACE 2

STW

PRINTBOTS

4TU

SPONGED3D

4TU

ADAM

STW

PULSE

FMVG

Computational

Design for

Sport Buildings

 

Shengyang

Tobacco Factory

TOI PEDIA

E- LEARNING

Customization

E- School

Video quizzing

E- School

DOUBLE FACE 1   3TU

A new type of lightweight, translucent and adjustable

Trombe wall

 

Goal of this project was designing and prototyping an adjustable translucent modular system featuring thermal insulation and thermal absorption in a calibrated manner. Specifically, the project designed and prototyped a modular system for adjustable translucent thermal mass, based on an innovative approach to thermal principles of trombe walls. Effort was addressed especially towards lightweight options for thermal inertia. The system aimed at passively improving thermal comfort.

 

Introduction

Thermal mass has enormous impact on the thermal behaviour of buildings. Proper use of thermal mass can reduce the fluctuations of temperature by means of thermal inertia. This can consist, for example, in cooling the mass at night to absorb the daytime heat gain and reduce the cooling load, or in storing the solar gain to reduce the heating load. Successfully achieving these effects depends on the presence of thermal mass itself and on a proper calibration of its heat absorption and radiation. This calibration relates to a proper thermal mass’ exposition to or protection from direct radiation and to the control of air speed based on wind driven or on buoyancy driven air flow. Controlling the exposition to/protection from direct radiation implies the control of solar heat gain by maximizing it or minimizing it according to the needs in relation to seasonal and daily patterns (i.e. maximizing exposition in winter days, minimizing in summer days).

 

Traditionally, thermal mass is embedded in standard systems of building elements (i.e. walls, floors, etc.) or in systems specifically meant to use thermal mass for climate control (i.e. trombe walls). None of these systems address the need of properly calibrating heat absorption and radiation. Additionally, these systems do not consider that the heat accumulated during the winter days nearby windows should be released toward the areas where the thermal benefits are especially required, in most cases located on the opposite side of the irradiated faces.

 

Outlook

This research aimed at developing a system that properly calibrates heat absorption and radiation. The system is meant to enhance the thermal benefits of exposing the mass to winter solar radiation and protecting it from the summer one. Additionally, in winter the system would allow releasing the accumulated heat toward chosen areas; the same system would also work in summer where the thermal mass is exposed to clear skies at night in order to cool down and after being faced toward the surrounding areas acts as a cooling plate. This requires an adjustable system. Moreover, the system should be lightweight in order to avoid structural overloads in buildings; and it should be translucent in order for the surrounding spaces to benefit from daylight. The result of this project was a proof of concept and prototype of an adjustable thermal mass system based on lightweight and translucent materials including latent heat storage materials like PCMs.

 

This project led to a large interest from the building industry and was in 2015 exhibited on the Week van de Bouw in Utrecht and on the Tech Fair - 3TU Innovation &Technology Conference in Rotterdam. Besides, the project has led to several interviews amongst which are an interview in the paper Cobouw. Furthermore, the project has led to the application of a research proposal submitted to Technology Foundation STW within the Research through Design call, which was awarded 268.000 Euros as the Double Face 2.0 project.

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  Dr. MSc.Arch. M. Turrin

Executed by:  TUDelft - Dr.ir. M.J. Tenpierik, Ir. C. Chang,

Ir.  P. de Ruiter, Ir. W. Meijer, Ir. W.H. van der Spoel

TUEindhoven - Dipl.-ing. F. Heinzelmann, Prof.  dr.-ing.

P. Teuffel, Ing. W. van Bommel

Period:  July 2014 – Feb. 2015

Budget:  € 50.000,-

Funded by:  4TU Centrel of Excellence for the Built Environment

 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

Turrin, M., M. Tenpierik, P. de Ruiter, W. van der Spoel, C. Chang Lara, F. Heinzelmann, P. Teuffel, W. van Bommel (2014), “DoubleFace: Adjustable translucent system to improve thermal comfort”, Spool 1 (2): 5-9, online <http://dx.doi.org/10.7480/spool.2014.2.929>.

Turrin, M, F. Heinzelmann, M.J. Tenpierik and C. Chang Lara (2014), 3TU Bouw Double Face, Video interview by Siebe Bakker, online available <https://www.3tu.nl/bouw/en/lighthouse2014/doubleface/>.

Turrin, M, MJ Tenpierik, P de Ruiter, W Meijer, WH van der Spoel, F Heinzelmann, P Teuffel; DoubleFace - 3TU Lighthouse project. BouwBeurs 2015 - 9-13 februari 2015 Jaarbeurs.

DOUBLE FACE 2   STW

A new type of lightweight, translucent and adjustable

Trombe wall

 

This research focuses on a novel type of Trombe wall system. It consists of a new system that passively improves thermal comfort using new lightweight and translucent materials for latent heat storage. Advanced materials like PCM and aerogel are used in combination with novel rapid prototyping techniques and advanced computational means. We aim for the design of this novel Trombe wall system to have high technical performance but also to show that its thermal performances are an integral part of the design identity of the product.

 

Introduction

Few architectural works take aesthetic advantage from technical aspects; they are often seen as constraining requirements limiting creativity rather than inspiring principles triggering design concepts and being integral part of the design identity. Due to the current urgency of sustainability, technical aspects related to energy use deserve special attention. While advocating the use of technical performances as integral part of the design identity, this research focuses on a system for passive climate control.

 

The research focuses on a specific demonstrator: a novel type of Trombe wall. It consists of a new system that passively improves thermal comfort using new lightweight and translucent materials for latent heat storage, like phase change materials. We make use of novel production techniques, like 3D printing, to explore their potential for creating high quality translucent and highly performative products. Our approach is unique in that we aim for a system with high levels of adjustability to the specific conditions at hand and that we aim for a system in which the functioning will be part of the identity of the product.

 

The research will be performed based on the initial development of 3 innovative design concepts for the system. A combination of intuitive design and evolutionary and form-finding computer algorithms will be used to generate and select design alternatives within the 3 concepts. These alternatives will be evaluated and further elaborated upon soft and hard variables: design identity, usefulness, applicability in buildings, thermal and daylight performance, manufacturing possibilities and structural performance.

 

Research in cooperation with the industry

The soft variables will be assessed in a series of workshops with architects and industrial designers or users respectively. The hard variables will be assessed based on physical tests and simulations. Continuous feedbacks form the workshops and computational assessments will be used in an iterative manner to feed the design process and to generate improved concepts. Furthermore, the project contains a user committee which is made up of the companies GlassX from Switzerland, Shau Architecture and Urban design from the Netherlands/Indonesia, Esteco from Italy and Rubitherm from Germany. They provide their continuous feedback on the project.

 

Outlook

While dealing with the use of engineering performances as principles to trigger design creativity, ultimately, this research will result in a final design and prototype plus a set of design concepts and general knowledge on thermal performances and the use of phase change materials in buildings.

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  Dr.ir. Martin Tenpierik & Dr. MSc.Arch. Michela Turrin

Executed by:  Tudor Cosmatu MSc, Ir. Yvonne Wattez, Dr.ir. Martin  Tenpierik & Dr. MSc.Arch. Michela Turrin

Period:  2016-2018

Budget:  € 268.000,-

Funded by:  Technology Foundation STW

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

Video of the 3TU.Bouw project Double Face: http://www.3tu.nl/bouw/en/lighthouse2014/doubleface/.

 This video shows the development of the Double Face project which was the starting point of this  proposal.

UNLEASH THE PRINTBOTS   4TU

The development of autonomous robotic intelligent extruder bots

 

This research has as goal to study the feasibility of an autonomous mobile 3D printer cell. A cell is defined as a series of  collaborating units which have a common task. The units will consist of a series of autonomous mobile FDM printers which can coordinate print tasks between them.

 

Introduction

3D printing techniques for the building industry are developing fast. Concepts like Contour printing , concrete printing concepts of the TU/E and D Shape are examples. Despite the range of techniques is board and vary from a large gantry systems to a super sized Delta printers, many of the developed 3D printing machines are constraint in their movement and by their print size. Mobile 3D printers however show advantages in flexibility, as they can move outside the constraint of a large 3D printer and  they can move in the highly unstructured and hazardous environment of the building site which can be dangerous for people to work in. Autonomous robots are robots that can perform desired tasks in unstructured environments without continuous human guidance.  Each robot has a list of components which it can print with the basic material.  With each other they decide how to solve a 3D print task and how many must/can help. If one robot need to refuel or get additional printing material the others need to distribute the tasks between them so the job will continue.  When returning to the building site the robot can choose to join in or do some other task. The robots need to knows when to “refuel” and to refill the basic extrusion-material from a centralized point.

 

Outlook

In our research we will look for the possibility to develop autonomous agent-based robots, which aren’t constraint in their reach  and which have the capability to work together.  The robots will decide how and with how many robots they will do the job. After a quick exploration of the market we decide if the starting point for our research will be a ready made robot or a self-made robot. There is a large consumers market for different kind of sensors and ready made shields from which we can choose. For the controllers and processors we will use the Arduino- respectively the raspberry Pi board.

In summary each robot must have at least the following capabilities:

 

1) Know its location on site;

2) Knows its exact  geo-locate location of the building;

3) Know its state;

4) Know where its fellow robots are;

5) Avoiding obstacles

6) To communicate with fellow robots;

                    Extruding simple components (columns, walls).

 

This research has as goal to study the feasibility of the above described autonomous 3D printer. In this study we will focus on the mobile autonomous 3D printer cell. A cell is defined as a series of  collaborating units which has a common task.

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  ir. A. van der Zee  TU Eindhoven

Executed by:  TUDelft - Ir. MSc.Arc  P. de Ruiter, Ir. M van Erk

                       TUEindhoven - ir. A. van der Zee

                       HTI-Kennislab - Hayo Meijs

Period:  May 2016 – Feb. 2017

Budget:  € 50.000,-

Funded by:  4TU Centre of Excellence for the Built Environment

 

 

 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

Video of the 4TU project Unleash the building bots

 

https://www.4tu.nl/bouw/en/LHP2016/Unleash the Building Bots/

 

 

 

SPONG3D 4TU

An adaptive 3d printed facade system that integrates multiple functions for optimizing thermal performances according to the different environmental conditions each time of the year

 

The system uses the potentials of porous structures and movable water in order to provide thermal insulation and heat storage where and when it is needed each time of the year. In the system of the facade the pores are filled with air for insulation and the channels with water for the heat storage

 

 

Introduction

Spong3D is an adapted façade system that controls the heat exchange during the year between inside and outside of the building. Porous structures with different size and shapes of cavities are being generated and integrated in one component. In this research AM  technology is used to generate these complex geometries

 

This research aims at investigating the potentials of 3d printed porous structures for thermal performances, and more specifically thermal insulation and heat storage. Moreover apply these geometries in order to create a façade system. The investigation focus is for two scenarios, for a summer day and a sunny winter day and how the thermal mass is transferred from one side of the façade to the other in order to absorb and release the heat where it is needed .

 

The methodology approach is a balance of research by design and design by research. Different configurations of porous structures have been designed in order to be tested for the thermal performance, the water resistance and water tightness and the time of the 3d printing process. The small size of the cavities for the insulation reduces the thermal conductivity and the heat convection. The external layer (where the water flows) requires water-tightness and optimized shape of the channels, to allow for the minimum pressure drop and uniform volume flow. The amount of needed material is minimized, in order to reduce as much as possible the 3d printing time. The models are produced with FDM printing using transparent PETG, which has relatively low thermal conductivity. Different configurations have been tested for the water resistance; and further investigation is needed for the water circulation. The production of a large 1:1 prototype is being achieved. In addition, energy simulations and structural analysis have provided information for the energy savings for the building through the year and the structural capacity of the façade.

 

 

 

 

Research in cooperation with the industry

One important aspect of this research is the feasibility to produce a façade panel in short time. This was one of the main challenges that influenced the design and the production process during the investigation. Configurations that have low printing time were designed but also specific settings for the 3d printing process were applied in order to adapt to a fast production process. There is an interdisciplinary  approach for this project. The production process is achieved through a collaboration between TUDelft (e.g. Design informatics) and KIWI Solutions. The investigation for the printing technology is based in the  latest production technologies such as 3d printers for larger scale objects and innovative materials that integrate multiple functions

 

 

 

Outlook

The main outlook of this research is a proof of concept for a façade system that can adapt based on the different environmental temperature conditions and regulate the temperature inside the building and at the same time reduce the environmental impact thought innovative production technologies.

 

 

 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

Video of the 4TU project SPONG3D

https://www.4tu.nl/bouw/en/LHP2016/SPONG3D/

 

Exhibition in Mind the Step ,DDW2016

http://www.mindthestep.nl/materials/

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  dr.MScArch. Michela Turrin

Main researcher: ir. Maria Valentini Sarakinioti

Executed by:  TUDelft: Dr.ir.arch.MJ.Tenpierik, Dr.Ing.MSc.T.Konstantinou, Prof.dr.ing.U.Knaack  MArch.M.Teeling, ir.P.de Ruiter, ir.M.vanErk. TUEindhoven: MSc. M.L. de Klijn, ir.A.D.C. Pronk,  prof.Dr.-Ing. P.M.Teuffel,  A.J.van Lier, R.L.G.Vorstermans, E. Dolkemade, prof.dr.ir. J.L.M.  Hensen, ir. R.C.G.M. Loonen,.

Period:  January 2016-January 2017

Budget:  € 50.000,-

Funded by:  4TU Federation

ADAM STW

Acoustics by parametric Design and Additive Manufacturing

 

Existing absorption technologies are strongly limited by traditional materials, design and production processes and consequently do not cover the increasingly required demand in customization, optimized performance and complex shapes. ADAM explores the merging of the academic and industrial fields of Room Acoustics, Additive Manufacturing and Parametric Modeling. A new cutting-edge acoustic device is proposed that regulates its performance by its geometrical characteristics based on interference principles. The developed absorbers are easily customizable and point towards new acoustic structures with highly tuned performance and increased freedom in design and material choice.

 

Introduction

Sound absorption technologies are broadly used for noise reduction and the improvement of room acoustics. Their application field is broad and varies in scale; from industrial products, machines, cars, ducts to enclosed rooms, conference rooms, train stations, highways. Despite the wide range of usage, sound absorbing technologies and materials are often constrained by conventional design and production techniques. Current solutions for sound absorption rely mostly on commonly available standard materials, which are typically produced in flat and panelized systems and offer limited options for customization in terms of performance and form. Moreover, typical solutions are difficult to use for the damping of low frequencies due to their large size or their extremely narrow band performance. Available systems for absorption offer:

(1) limited options for customization and freedom of design and

(2) limited solutions for broadband absorption (especially in a compact size).

In a built environment that is increasingly sound-polluted, it becomes essential to extend knowledge and techniques that provide solutions with improved performance and features (such as custom solutions, compact size, robust material properties, etc).

 

Research in cooperation with the industry

Since the beginning of the ADAM project, related industries are involved, offering expertise in the fields of acoustic products development, in room acoustics and in additive manufacturing. Currently, ADAM receives regularly feedback from the partners of the project via communal meetings, brainstorming sessions and interviews. This contribution is very helpful in understanding the impact of this research and defining market niches. The currently involved companies are Materialise (a world-leading company in the additive manufacturing business), Peutz and ARUP (world-leading consultancies in the field of a.o. acoustics) and Merford (world-leading manufacturer of acoustic specialty products).

 

 

Outlook

This research is multidisciplinary in nature and is organized around 5 research cores: acoustic research, environmental design, computation (digital simulations and parametric modeling) and prototyping. The project starts with fundamental research on a material scale. The findings are then gradually scaled up from product to architectural scale in a sequential manner, through 3 case studies: a crane cabin, a meeting room and an entrance hall.

 

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  Prof.dr.ir.Arjan van Timmeren

Executed by:  Prof.dr.ir.Arjan van Timmeren, Dr.ir. Martin Tenpierik,

                         Dr.MSc.Arch. Michela Turrin, Dr. Fengnian Tian,

                         Ir. Foteini Setaki

Period:  2015-2018

Budget:  € 570.000,-

Funded by:  Technology Foundation STW

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

Setaki, F., Tenpierik, M., van Timmeren, A. & Turrin, M., 2016, New Sound Absorption Materials: Using Additive Manufacturing for Compact Size, Broadband Sound Absorption at Low Frequencies, 2016 Proceedings of the 45th International Congress on Noise Control Engineering: Inter-Noise 2016. Kropp, W. (ed.). Berlin: German Acoustical Society (DEGA), p. 4073-4078 6 p.

Setaki, F., Tenpierik, M. J., Turrin, M. & van Timmeren, 2014, Acoustic Absorbers by Additive Manufacturing, In : Building and Environment. 72, February, p. 188-200 13 p.

 

 

 

 

PULSE FMVG

An optimized 3D printed shading system

 

 

The goal was designing and prototyping a 3D printed shading system, fully customized upon daylight and visual requirements. It aimed at prototyping a product for construction: a large scale shading system, consisting of more then 600 unique modules of about 1.0x0.6x0.4 meters each, to be applied in an outdoor facade of a building. The challenge focused on the optimized design and on the use of 3D printing not as a prototyping technique, but as a production technique for a final building’s product.

 

 

Introduction

Shading systems have major impacts on solar gain, daylight and visual connections. The indoor requirements for solar gain, daylight and visual connections are not homogeneous throughout all indoor spaces of a building; and each indoor area may have different requirements. As such, a shading system uniform all over the façade may not satisfy the different requirements, leading to discomfort or excessive energy consumption for climate control. The project focused on a digital work flow from design to fabrication, which allows for generating complex geometric configurations and the integration of multiple requirements by means of parametric modeling. The parametric model directly relates geometry, structure, fabrication and daylight performance. The gradual geometric differences resulting for the locally optimized geometry create a complexity that demands an innovative lightweight production technique. Responding to this, 3D printing allows producing customized shapes, each of which can be unique for no additional cost.

 

Outlook

The conceptual design of the shading system was developed by Ector Hoogstad Architecten. It was conceived for the main façade of the PULSE building, which is intended to be the first building on the TUDelft campus to reach the TU-Delft’s goal to become energy neutral. The sun-shading was optimized for inhomogeneous daylighting requirements and specified viewing areas. The design concept was built as a 3D parametric model by a team at TUDelft and at Yasar University. The 3D parametric model allows for a nearly infinite number of alternative geometric configurations of the shading; it was coupled with daylight simulations and optimized by using genetic algorithms. The optimization process outputted highly performing geometric configurations, in which each panel gradually varies in shape, creating a geometric complexity that demands the use of 3D printing for production. Several studies were conducted on the 3D printing process, especially focusing on Fused Deposition Modelling to print PVDF. Moreover, a Structural Design team at TUDelft performed preliminary structural analysis of the 3D printed items; a cable-based anchoring system was designed and integrated in the 3D shape of the shading modules, based on iterative design loops. The iterations also lead to a fully optimized use of the material, which has been minimized in order to reduce weight as well as printing time during production.

 

 

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  ir. Paul de Ruiter

Executed by:  TUDelft: ir. Mark van Erk, ir. Milou Teeling, dr.  Michela Turrin; Prof. Rob Nijsse, dr. ir. Fred Veer, ir.  Peter Eigenraam. In collaboration with: Ector  Hoogstad Architecten and  Yasar University, LEAPFROG

Period:  July 2015 – July 2016

Budget:  € 22.000

Funded by:  TUDelft

 

 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

M. Teelling, P. De Ruiter, M.Turrin (in progress), PULSE: AN INTEGRATED PARAMETRIC MODEL FOR A SHADING SYSTEM: from Daylight Optimization to Additive Manufacturing

P. Eigenraam, F.A. Veer, R. Nijsse, (2015) Feasibility study 3D printed sun shading system. Material and structural performance. Internal report.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Computational Design for Sport Buildings

A digital design work flow

 

The design of sport buildings has great impact on top-sport as well as on recreational sport-activities. The project deals with the concept of Multi-objective Multidisciplinary design optimization techniques to support trade-off decisions between multiple conflicting design objectives and interdisciplinary design methodology, during the conceptual design of sport buildings. The proposed method is based on parametric modeling, performance simulation tools and algorithms for computational optimization.

 

Introduction

The design of sport buildings has great impact on top-sport as well as on recreational sport-activities. It implies challenging tasks in meeting the performance-requirements. This includes the control of factors like daylight/lighting, air flow, thermal conditions, just to name a few. Such factors impact the performance of athletes and are hard to control in large sport halls; their control is even harder when the public/audience is located within the halls and require different climate conditions. While mechanical installations are often needed during competitions in order to guarantee constant conditions, relaying on mechanical installations during the daily and recreational use of the venues challenges their medium/long term sustainability. Computational form finding approaches can favor the achievement of high-performing and sustainable sport buildings. In this light, the project tackles the use of Multi-objective and Multidisciplinary design optimization.

 

Outlook

The proposed method is based on parametric modeling, performance simulation tools and algorithms for computational optimization, for which the paper tackles three specific aspects. First of all, due to the complexity of large sport buildings, the formulation of the optimization and the screening of the related design variables is crucial in order to obtain a meaningful design space, which helps reducing unnecessary computational burden. Considering these complexities, variable screening techniques are investigated to refine the design space before running the optimization, and thus make the optimization more efficient and feasible within the limited time-frame of real projects. Secondly, assessing performance based on measurements and analyses is crucial and can be supported by performance simulations tools; however effectively integrating performance simulations tools in the early phase of the design requires new tools. In this light, a customized computational process for the rapid assessment of temperature and airflow patterns is developed. Thirdly, the process requires the combination of design optimization and design exploration, while searching for well-performing solutions. However, the automated optimization procedures fail to take advantage of designer’s expertise, while in architectural design an important role should be given to the learning process of a designer, providing him with knowledge on the trade-offs between various disciplines and performance objectives. In this research, the problem is tackled through engaging multivariate analysis algorithms into the post processing of numerous optimization data. Additionally, portrayal of geometry is introduced as an extension of conventional data analysis and visualization methods, which accounts for the evaluation of ill-defined design criteria by using designer’s expertise.

 

 

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  Dr. MSc. Arch. M.Turrin

Executed by:  BK-TUDelft – dr. M.Turrin, ir. Ding Yang, ir.  Rusne Sileryte, ir. Antonio D’Aquilio; in  collaboration with Arup, ESTECO, SCUT,  BEMNext; and TUDelft Sport Eng. Institute.

Period:  2014 – 2016

Budget:  €  35.000 at TUDelft + 15.000 external

Funded by:  TUDelft

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

D’Aquilio, A., Sileryte, R., Yang, D., & Turrin, M. (2016). Simulating natural ventilation in large sports buildings. Prediction of temperature and airflow patterns in the early design stages. Proc of SimAUD2015, London.

Yang, D., Sun, Y., Turrin, M., von Buelow, P., & Paul, J. C. (2015, August). Multi-objective and multidisciplinary design optimization of large sports building envelopes: a case study. In Proc IASS2015, Amsterdam.

Turrin, M., Yang, D., D’Aquilio, A., Sileryte, R., & Sun, Y. (2016). Computational Design for Sport Buildings. Procedia Engineering, 147, 878-883.

Yang, D., Turrin, M., Sariyildiz, S., Sun, Y. (2015). Sports building envelope optimization using multi-objective multidisciplinary design optimization techniques: Case of indoor sports building project in China. In 2015 IEEE-CEC.

Sileryte, R., D’Aquilio, A., Di Stefano, D., Yang, D., & Turrin, M. (2016). Supporting Exploration of Design Alternatives using Multivariate Analysis Algorithms.

Shengyang Tobacco Factory

Integration of engineering performance simulations in the conceptual phase of architectural design for passive climate control. A case study.

 

This case study, as part of the Urban Knowledge Network Asia (UKNA), tackles the integration of engineering performance simulations in the conceptual phase of architectural design, with a focus on parametric design processes. It regards the design of an atrium in a former tobacco factory in Shenyang (China). Performance simulations showed that thermal mass was a prime factor. Based on a parametric design model the thermal mass was distributed throughout the atrium.

 

 

The case study

 

This project is part of the Urban Knowledge Network Asia (UKNA). UKNA is a network of researchers from Europe, China, India and the United States, engaged in studies on how Asian cities can improve their livability. UKNA is funded by a grant awarded by the Marie Curie Actions 'International Research Staff Exchange Scheme' of the European Union. This grant allowed M. Turrin to make visits to Beijing University of Technology (BJUT) between April 2012 and April 2016. UKNA hosts research projects in three thematic areas: heritage, housing and  environment. This research project belongs to the latter area.

 

This project is developed in collaboration with BJUT and with Green World Solutions Ltd in Beijing. With specific focus on large roofs (urban public spaces, squares, entrance halls, courtyards and galleries), this research claims the importance of explicitly understanding the relations between form and performance during the conceptual phase. It investigates computational processes for performance-driven conceptual design; and integrates engineering analyses for climate performance in the conceptual design process using computational supports.

 

The research is based on action research methods and includes a number of case studies. A first case study is developed in collaboration with GWS, which regards the design of a large atrium and its roof, in the context of the refurbishment of a former tobacco factory in Shenyang (China). After a number of energy performance and thermal comfort simulations, thermal mass inside the atrium was identified as a key factor for maintaining a comfortable environment with limited use of auxiliary energy. Next, a parametric design model was developed for optimally distributing this mass throughout the atrium.

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader: Michela Turrin

Executed by: Michela Turrin, Martin Tenpierik,

Ioannis Chatzikonstantinou, Itai Cohen, Marina Stavrakantonaki

Period: April 2012 – April 2016

Budget: € 12.000

Funded by: Marie Curie Actions 'International Research Staff Exchange Scheme' (IRSES) of the European Union

 

 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

 Turrin, M., Chatzikonstantinou, I., Tenpierik, M., Sariyildiz, S., (2013), Engineering performance simulations in architectural design conception. Atrium in Shenyang: a case study on thermal mass. In: Proceedings of eCAADe 2013

Turrin, M., Tenpierik, M., Cohen, I., Stavrakantonaki, M., Sariyildiz, S. and Timmeren, A. van (2012), Atrium in Shengyang. Use of on-site energy resources for climate comfort in the atrium of a tobacco factory in Shengyang, China, Final report for the Urban Knowledge Network Asia, TU Delft, Delft, pp. 1-90.

 

 

E- Learning - TOI PEDIA

Online course material maintenance

 

 

This project had the goal to update  parts the existing on-line course material

 

 

Introduction

The chair of Design Informatics has a long tradition of developing online educational support. The resulting flexibility and impact allows fast and effective course content changes in order to implement the latest insights generated by research.

 

 

 

Outlook

The use of on line course material is a long term commitment to keep the material up to date en expand it with the latest insights in computational design and advanced digital manufacturing.  This project is a general update of the on line course material , forming the basis  of our blended education.

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  TUDelft - Ir. MSc.Arc  P. de Ruiter

Executed by:  Ir. MSc.Arc  P. de Ruiter, A L van der Linden, A.J Krooneman

 

Period:  May 2016– Feb. 2017

Budget:  € 10.000,-

Funded by:  E- School TU Delft

 

 

 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

TOI –Pedia :

http://designinformatics.bk.tudelft.nl/e---learning.html

 

 

 

E- Learning - Customization

Customization of course content

 

 

This project had the goal to provide an effective method of customization of course content in Bachelor education

 

 

 

Introduction

The chair of Design Informatics has a long tradition of developing online educational support. The resulting flexibility and impact allows fast and effective course content changes in order to implement the latest insights generated by research.

 

 

 

Outlook

The use of customization in education has two main functions. From the viewpoint of the student, the ability to partially adjust the course content to his or her specific interest can increase the involvement of the students in the course and enhance motivation. For the teachers / coordinators this option offers the opportunity to go deeper into some of the material offered, to adapt the content of the course to the interest of the student or provide an alternative focus of the course which the coordinator finds important. The idea behind this proposed form of customization that it is easy to fit in the current organizational structures. That means that the content will adhere to the existing learning objectives or that the content is offered as non compulsory course material.

 

There are three forms of customization developed with the help of online course material:

 

The repository – Non compulsory course content targeted at specific interest of students.

Additional choice in parts of the course content, like topics to analyse.

Preference of design environment. The students can choose between a more traditional design environment or an advanced digital design environment

 

Although the project was originally based on a small scale application further developments in education and student request has changed the scope of the customization in the bachelor. Originally the customization was targeted at two courses in the bachelor. In these courses the students had the choice to chose between a primarily traditional analogue design environment or a fully digital design environment. This is now extended to 6 courses in the bachelor and starts to form a coherent virtual optional track within the bachelor.

 

 

 

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  TUDelft - Ir. MSc.Arc  P. de Ruiter

Executed by:  Ir. MSc.Arc  P. de Ruiter, Ir. M van Erk , Ir W  Meijer, ir M Teeling

 

Period:  May 2015 – Feb. 2016

Budget:  € 3.000,-

Funded by:  E- School TU Delft

 

 

 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS

 

TOI –Pedia :

http://designinformatics.bk.tudelft.nl/e---learning.html

 

 

 

E- Learning - Video quizzing

Development of on-line video quiz tool

 

The goal was to create a quiz that could be used in many different locations - and with the greatest possible ease to implement in several places, such as the Media-wiki environment, and also the possibility to include it in other locations

 

 

 

Introduction

The chair of Design Informatics has a long tradition of developing online educational support. The resulting flexibility and impact allows fast and effective course content changes in order to implement the latest insights generated by research.

 

 

Outlook

The goals for the project were:

 

 1. To quickly be able to create a variety of quizzes, for education          materials and for older videos already existing

 2. To be able to gain insight in the results and learning capabilities

  of individual students, and all students as a whole.

 3. To be able to log the views, and amount of time spent during a

 quiz

 

The solution created in the end uses the widely applied VideoJS player as a base, and builds on top of that to display quiz questions at certain marker points. VideoJS was chosen because it is a widely used, permissive open source license (Apache 2.0 License), and uses the latest HTML5 and JavaScript standards to show video on all recent platforms.

 

The total solution consists of three separate applications:

 

1. Creating a quiz

The quiz constructor tool allows academics and teachers to quickly create a quiz for students to test their knowledge about the topic. The interactive tool allows you to play the video and add a question to the cue point you wish to add a question.

 

2. Show the quiz

The software to show the quiz reads for a video file the quiz-configuration file. At a cue point each question is shown to the user (student). The answers to the questions are saved so they can be submitted at the end of the video to the

backend.

 

3. Processing the results

The back-end consists of a simple PHP application that new implements Single Sign On (SSO) authentication for all TU Delft and other organizations that are connected to the TU Delft SSO network. Results are stored in a MySQL database that will allow easy retrieval of the results of a student.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

 

Project leader:  TUDelft - Ir. T Welman

Executed by:  Ir. MSc.Arc  P. de Ruiter, Ir. A van Waart

Period:  May 2015 – Feb. 2016

Budget:  € 3.000,-

Funded by:  E- School TU Delft

 

 

 

 

 

CONTACT

 

 

Telnr +3127892136

 

Room 01+.West.040

 

Faculty of Architecture and the

Built Environment

 

Building 8

 

Julianalaan 134

 

2628 BL Delft