CONFIGRAPHICS: Graph Theoretical Methods for Design and Analysis of Spatial Configurations
dr. Pirouz Nourian
PhD started in: 2010,
finished in 2016,
published in A+BE series.
M.Sc. in Architecture 2009
B.Sc. in Control Engineering (Major in Electrical Engineering) 2004
Prof. Dr. Ir. Sevil Sariylidiz
Dr. Ir. Frank van der Hoeven
Main Question: How can we organize/layout spatial arrangements to facilitate desired functional patterns, social interactions and mobility in buildings and cities?
Deliverables: design methods implemented as computational tool suites for architectural and urban configuration
Released prototypes in action:
Keywords: Graph Theory, Spatial Network Analysis, Computational Design, Spatial Analysis
Area of Research: Computation & Performance
Architectural Engineering + Technology Department/ Chair of Design Informatics - Urbanism/ Chair of Urban Design
This dissertation reports a PhD research on mathematical-computational models, methods, and techniques for analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of spatial configurations in architecture and urban design. Spatial configuration is a technical term that refers to the particular way in which a set of spaces are connected to one another as a network. Spatial configuration affects safety, security, and efficiency of functioning of complex buildings by facilitating certain patterns of movement and/or impeding other patterns. In cities and suburban built environments, spatial configuration affects accessibilities and influences travel behavioral patterns, e.g. choosing walking and cycling for short trips instead of traveling by cars. As such, spatial configuration effectively influences the social, economic, and environmental functioning of cities and complex buildings, by conducting human movement patterns.
Graph Theory, Computational Topology, Linear Algebra, Fuzzy Logics, and Social Network Analysis are used as means of modeling spatial configurations and the effect of their ‘structure’ on mobility of people in cities and the spatial structure of buildings. Algorithms have been devised for modeling, analysis, generation and representation of graph/network models, optimal paths, stochastic models of mobility behavior and free-form shape agents that can be used to form buildings with desired configurations. The research has produced prototype toolkits & libraries written in Dot NET languages (C# & VB.NET).
1. Nourian, P., Rezvani, S., van der Hoeven, Frank, Sariyildiz, S. (2015). Spectral Modelling of Spatial Networks. Proceedings of SimAUD 2016, pp. 103-110.
2. Nourian, P., Rezvani, S., Sariyildiz, S. (2013). A Syntactic Design Methodology. Proceedings of 9th Space Syntax Symposium. Seoul.
Faculty of Architecture and the
2628 BL Delft